A&E And Emergency Rooms

An emergency room is a department that deals with clients who come in without a prior appointment due to the occurrence of an accident or sudden and often serious symptoms. The patients may come in on their own or they may be brought in by ambulances or witnesses. 

What conditions are treated in emergency rooms?

Since the patients usually come in due to the occurrence of an emergency situation, these departments usually treat a wide range of conditions and illnesses ranging from the common cold, bacterial infections, illnesses brought about by chronic diseases, cardiovascular conditions, injuries from various forms of accidents, pregnancy related complications and even burns. The emergency room can be subdivided into different areas to enhance efficiency and to provide specialised treatment to different types of injuries. Treatment can also be given through healthcare apprenticeships by medical students who are under close supervision or experienced ER specilaists.

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The triage area is dedicated towards taking and recording the vital signs of the patients. This is where the initial assessment of the patient takes place and therefore care must be taken to get an accurate initial assessment. From the triage, clients are allocated to different departments based on their condition and the kind of specialised care required.

The trauma or resuscitation area is another important part of the emergency room. It is dedicated towards the treatment of the seriously injured or those who present serious symptoms. In short, people who are at the verge of losing their life if urgent medical care is not given are first assessed and treated here before being transferred to other departments such as surgery. Most emergency rooms may have demarcated areas for treating minor injuries and viral conditions.

Why are emergency rooms necessary?

They specialise in the treatment of sudden illnesses and accidents that cannot wait for appointments. They are therefore essential in saving the lives of people all over the world. Emergency rooms deal with people who may not survive the usual waiting time in a normal hospital and therefore their necessity.

Qualifications of nurses and doctors

All nurses and doctors must have undergone conventional medical training before they can work in an emergency room. In addition to this, doctors with different speciality areas must be on call. Trauma surgeons, cardiothoracic surgeons, peadtricians, general surgery specialists, orthopaedic doctors and surgeons all need to be present to deal with different cases as they arise. Nurses working in emergency rooms need to have trauma or advanced cardiac life support training in order to perform their duties well.

Besides formal training, all personnel working in emergency rooms must have certain competencies that enhance their success. They must have the ability to work fast while retaining the highest level of accuracy, excellent decision making skills, ability to work well in a team, ability to express themselves clearly and concisely, ability to take lead when need be as well as become a follower when the situation calls for that.

Recent emergency room news

A recent study in the USA showed that there are discrepancies in where patients from different races are taken when picked up by emergency services or ambulances. Black and Hispanic people are more likely to be taken to hospitals that usually treat low income people or those who do not have medical insurance covers compared to their white counterparts, irrespective of where they were picked up.

In the UK, a boy made headlines recently when his neck was impaled on a football pole. The fire service respondents had to cut the pole before the boy was airlifted to Alder Heys Children's Hospital for treatment. He was conscious and stable upon arrival at the hospital where he was treated for neck injury.